1657 map of California and surrounds

1657 map of California and surrounds / by Nicolas Sanson

3743 x 3151

‘Why did Sanson think there was a large body of water on the west side? … The East side, you mean? The West is the Pacific, of course. California was originally, and for quite some time, thought by the Spanish to be an island, as it was first explored from the South and the Gulf of California next to Baja was assumed to surround it’

1639 Dutch map of the New York City region / by Joan Vingboons

1639 Dutch map of the New York City region / by Joan Vingboons. This is one of the earliest maps of the region

8163 × 5473

‘Other landmarks.

Near present-day Sandy Hook Bay, NJ on the left/south, we see “Hoogen Hoeck” / High Corner and “Sant Punt” / Sand Point.

On the top of the map we see “MANATVS, Gelegen op de Noot Riuier” / Manhattan, situated on the North River. (Noot actually means nut, but you can see Noort Rivier / North River in the river.)

Staten Eylant, named after the primary Dutch governing body the Staten-Generaal (Estates General), is of course today’s Staten Island.

In Jersey (up right corner/north-west), we see “Achter ’t Col” / Behind the Ridge, near present-day Ridgefield, NJ.

On Manhattan, on the right/north: “’t Eijland Manatus” / the Island Manhattan. There’s something in Harlem as well, but I can’t read it.

The island near Governor’s Island reads “Rooden Houc”, which is present-day Red Hook, Brooklyn. On the left/south of Brooklyn we see a peninsula named “Conyne Eylant”, or Rabbit’s Island, but it’s most famous as today’s Coney Island.

Finally, we see four longhouses in Brooklyn. The “Wickquawanck” seem to correspond with the Wecquasgeek. The “Teckkonis” don’t ring a bell. The “Marorktwick” might be the Merikoke of the Matoac. The last longhouse is described as “Dit satroen (?) huys bewoond de wilden Koskackani” / “This house is inhabited by the savage Koskackani”, which I also can’t place’–MetalRetsam

Map of the world originally drawn in the 11th century, taken from an Arabian manuscript of Al Edrisi in the Bodleian Library - published 1800

Map of the world originally drawn in the 11th century, taken from an Arabian manuscript of Al Edrisi in the Bodleian Library - published 1800

3060 × 3206

‘Another example of the westward-leading Nile that dumps into the Atlantic Ocean. All through Antiquity they thought it did this, but I did not realize the Arabs were in on the notion too…makes sense as they probably got all their first maps from Constantinople anyway. It is generally accepted that someone saw the Senegal River, which has a very similar look to the Nile and contains hippos, crocodiles, and other “Nile life”. Whatever the reason, on most of the old maps, the Nile reaches north to the Mediterranean but also west to the Atlantic’–SchizoidRainbow